Aikido Glossary of Terms

The Japanese words in Aikido are used constantly throughout training and testing. Students become familiarized with the most common words for techniques, stances, attacks, and etiquette. Further study in Aikido will require a broader understanding of these terms. Our dojo has provideed here a thorough list of the most commonly and frequently used terms. Enjoy learning Japanese!

"Arigato gozaimasu" :
"Thank you"
Awari or "Awarimasu" :
Ai :
harmony, unity, to join or become one with, to love
Ai-hanmi :
asymmetric stance (e.g. right foot to right foot)
Ai-hanmi katate-tori :
a wrist grabbing attack, with right on right or left on left. (Compare: Gyaku-hanmi katatedori)
Aiki :
harmonizing or blending with energy
Aikibudo :
budo based on the aiki principle (one of the earlier names O-Sensei used for Aikido)
Aikido :
the way of harmonizing with the force and principle of nature
Aikidoka :
one who trains in Aikido (specifically, at an advanced or professional level)
Aiki-jinja :
the Akido temple in Iwama
Aikijo :
Aikido jo-staff exercises
Aiki-jutsu :
refers to a style of jujutsu. The term is often used in reference to Daito Ryu, a style of jujutsu in which the founder trained (Sometimes also referred to as aiki-jujutsu)
Aikikai :
Aikido "association" or "organization" or "club"
Aiki-ken :
sword exercises/forms of Aikido
Aiki-nage :
aiki-throw (a throwing technique)
Aiki-otoshi :
aiki drop (a throwing technique)
Aiki-taiso :
aikido warm-up exercises
Ashi :
leg or foot
Atemi (also: Ate) :
Awase :
to blend/harmonize/match the timing of the attack and response
Ayumi-ashi :
leg movement using alternating steps, right and left (similar to a normal walking gait)
Batto :
Batto-ho :
sword training
Bo :
a longer wooden staff  (approx. 180-200cm in length)
Bokken :
wooden sword
Bokuto :
wooden sword
Bu :
"Martial" or "military." The Kanji character for "bu" has two components: one indicates a weapon, while the other means to stop or lay aside. Thus, bu has a different connotation than the direct English translation.
Budo :
from Japanese, lit. "the way of battle" or "the way of martial arts"
Budoka :
one who trains in budo (specifically refers to someone who is at an advanced or professional level)
Bugei :
martial arts/battle arts (older usage)
Bujin :
person/people of a martial art tradition
Buki-waza :
(training in) weapons techniques
(also Bukiwaza)
Bunbu-ichi :
refers to a unity of martial and literary arts. One of the historic ideals of the Japanese samurai class
Bunbu-ryodo :
the dual paths of the martial and literary arts. One of the historic ideals of the Japanese samurai class
Bushi :
term referring to a classical Japanese warrior or professional martial artist (usually in a historical context)
Bushido :
"The Way of the Warrior." A code of ethics relating to the bushi or samurai class in ancient Japan.
Chikara :
referring to power, force or strength
Choku :
Direct (eg. choku-zuki = direct thrust/punch)
Choku-zuki :
direct, mid-level thrust with the jo or fist
(also: Choku-tsuki)
Chudan :
Middle guard position (compare with: Jodan=upper position and Gedan: lower position)
Chudan-no-kamae :
guard position with hands or a weapon at middle (belly or solar plexus) height
a thrusting attack (with fist or a weapon) at middle height, aimed at the belly or solar plexus
Daisho :
refers to the pair of swords traditionally worn by samurai, consisting of a long sword (daito) and short sword (shoto)
Daito ryu :
the name of a school/lineage/style of Aiki-jujitsu
Dame :
"wrong", or "bad"
Dan :
blackbelt rank (lit: "step")
Den :
"A tradition", "a teaching" or, "a system" (See ryu)
Deshi (Seito) :
student, pupil, disciple, apprentice
Do (Michi) :
the "way", path, or road
"Do chu no sei" :
a phrase describing "stillness in motion".
Do-gi (Keiko-gi) :
training uniform
Dojo :
training hall, place where the ‘way’ is practiced
Dojo cho :
title referring to the head/leader of a dojo (Chief Instructor)
Doka :
poem about the way
Domo :
much (as in: domo arigato gozaimashita)
Domo arigato gozaimasu :
thank you very much (for something going on in the present)
Domo arigato gozaimashita :
thank you so much (for something completed)
Dori (also: tori) :
take, catch, grab
Dosa :
action; movement
Doshu :
Lit: "way master"; title referring to the leader of a Japanese martial style
"Dozo!" :
Embu or Embukai :
public demonstration
Empi :
elbow strike
Eri :
referring to the neck or collar
Eri-tori (also: Eri-dori) :
collar grasp at the back of the neck
Fudo-shin :
"Immovable mind". A state of mental equanimity or imperturbability. Fudoshin does not indicate a state of mind that is inflexible, but rather, refers to a mental state where one is not easily upset by internal thoughts or external factors.
Fuku-shidoin :
a formal title with an approximate meaning of "assistant instructor" (compare with shidoin and shihan)
Funakogi undo :
"rowing exercise" (also called: Torifune)
Furitama :
movement and breathing exercise to still/calm/settle the flow of Ki in the body
referring to two persons
Futari-dori/Futari-gake :
attacks featuring two opponents (also see: ni-nin-gake)
-gaeshi (also: Kaeshi) :
reversal or change (of direction or technique)
-garami (also: Karami) :
tie up, entangle, arrest
Gasshuku :
training/seminar/camp; lit: "lodging together"
Gedan :
lower position (compare with: Jodan and Chudan)
Gedan-barai :
block in a lower position
Geri :
Kick (eg. Mae-geri = front kick)
Gi :
training garments (also Do-gi or Keiko-gi)
Giri :
-giri (also: Kiri) :
to cut (such as with a sword or knife - eg. Kesa-giri)
Go :
the number "Five"
Gokyo :
"Fifth technique" - a pinning technique against knife attack
"Gomen-nasai" :
"Excuse me"
Go-no-sen :
refers to the timing of response to an attack: in this case a "late" or "waiting" response to an attack
Gotai (also see: Kotai) :
static training. Compare: jutai, ryutai and ki-no-nagare
Gyaku :
reverse, or opposite
Gyaku-hanmi :
symmetric stance (eg. Right foot to left foot). Compare with Ai-hanmi
Gyaku-hanmi katatedori :
a wrist grabbing attack, with right on left or left on right. (Compare: Aihanmi katatedori)
Gyaku-kesa :
diagonal upward cut, from low to high position
Gyaku-te :
referring to a reversed hand position
Gyaku-tsuki :
a thrusting strike with opposing arm and leg forward
Ha :
refers to the cutting edge of a Japanese Sword
Hachi :
the number "Eight"
Hagakure :
Meaning "In the Shadow of Leaves", is a practical and spiritual guide for a warrior, drawn from a collection of commentaries by the Japanese samurai Yamamoto Tsunetomo. Tsuramoto Tashiro compiled these commentaries from his conversations with Tsunetomo from 1709 to 1716. However, it was not published until many years afterwards. Hagakure is also known as the The Book of the Samurai, Analects of Nabeshima, or the Hagakure Analects.
"Hai!" :
"Hajime" :
Hakama :
pleated divided-skirt (usually worn by senior ranks in Aikido)
Hancho :
team leader or chairperson
Hanmi :
basic oblique stance common to aikido
Hanmi-handachi :
nage kneeling and uke standing
Hantai :
Happo :
eight directions (compare: Shiho)
Happo-giri :
eight direction cutting (compare: Shiho-giri)
Happo-moku :
attention in all (eight) directions
Hara :
the body's center of gravity located in the area of the lower abdomen (see also: Tanden)
Harai (also: Barai) :
a sweeping block
Harai-zuki :
jo technique consisting of a sweeping block/parry, followed by a thrusting counter attack
Hasso-gaeshi :
jo technique that involves sweeping the jo through an arc to a vertical position at shoulder level
Hasso-kamae :
guard position with a weapon raised vertically at the shoulder level
"Hayaku!" :
Heiho :
method (of training)
Henka-waza :
changing techniques during the execution of basic techniques or shifting to other techniques
Hiragana :
Japanese phonetic writing. (Compare: Katakana)
Hito e mi :
making the body small: guard position with more angle than hanmi (see also: Ura Sankaku)
Ho :
method (of training)
Hidari :
left (side or direction)
Hiji :
Hiji-jime/Hiji-kime :
elbow lock (also called: Rokkyo in some dojo)
Hiji-ryoku :
elbow power
Hineri :
Hiza :
Hombu :
headquarters dojo or organization (in Aikido this is usually used in reference to Aikido World Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan)
Ichi :
the number "one"
Ikkyo :
"first technique" arm immobilization
"Ima!" :
Irimi :
entering movement (lit: "enter body")
Irimi-nage :
throw by entering (irimi) either in front of, or  behind an opponent
Jiyu :
Free; freedom
Jiyu-waza :
free-style techniques
Jo (also: Jyo) :
‘shorter’ wooden staff (approx. 130-135cm in length)
Jodo (also: Jyodo) :
the way of the staff
Jo-nage (also: Jyo-nage) :
nage (with jo) defends against/throws one or more unarmed attacker(s)
Jo-tori (also: Jyo-tori) :
jo taking (disarming) techniques
Jodan :
upper guard (high) position
Jodan tsuki :
straight punch/thrust to the face or neck
Jodan-gaeshi :
upper position block and counter attack with the jo
Joseki :
Reference to position/location in the dojo position - the place of honored, or high seat, on one’s right side when facing the kamiza
Ju (also: Jyu) :
soft, flexible
Ju (also: Jyu) :
the number "ten"
Juji :
plus sign, vertical cross (lit: "10 symbol")
Juji-garami :
crossed arm-lock throw
Juji-nage :
crossed arm-lock throw
Ju-jutsu (also: jujitsu) :
lit: "soft skill"
Jun-tsuki :
strike with the same arm and leg forward, also called: oitsuki (compare: gyakutsuki)
Jutai :
"soft body" or smooth training.
(compare: gotai, ryutai and ki-no-nagare)
Jutsu :
lit: "skill"; "technique" or "art"
Kaeshi (also: Gaeshi) :
reversal or change (of direction or technique)
Kaeshi-waza :
technique reversals or counters (lit. reversing technique)
Kaeshi-tsuki :
(also: Kaeshi-zuki)
Kaiten :
Turning around; revolving
Kaiten-nage :
rotation throw
Kakari-keiko :
reverse hand thrusting strike with the jo-staff. Continuous attack training (often in groups forming a line of sequential attackers). pre-defined kata (forms)
Kata renshu :
Kaku :
corner/angle (eg. Sankaku = triangle)
Kakudo :
Kaiso :
Founder or originator
Kamae :
guard stance or ready position (also: gamae)
Kamiza :
refers to an honorary location in the dojo: Lit. "Seat of the gods"
Kan :
Kangeiko :
"cold training"; referring to a period of high intensity winter training
Kanji :
Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese logographic writing system, along with hiragana, katakana, and the Arabic numerals. The Japanese term kanji literally means "Han characters".
Kansetsu :
joint (on the body)
Kansetsu-waza :
techniques that involve pinning/immobilization using joint locks
tie up, entangle, arrest
(also: Garami)
Kata :
pre-defined forms or specific techniques
Kata :
Kata-gatame :
shoulder pin
Katakana :
Japanese phonetic writing. (Compare: hiragana)
Katame :
lit: to harden, solidify, fix, stabilize
Katame-waza :
pinning/immobilization techniques
Kata-mochi :
one handed grip to one shoulder
Katana :
Japanese sword
Katate :
Lit: "one-side hand"
Katate-tori :
one handed grip on one wrist
Katate-tori kubishime :
one handed grip to wrist with neck choke from behind
Kata-tori :
one handed grip to one shoulder
Kata-tori men-uchi :
one handed grip on one shoulder with shomen-uchi strike to the head
Kata-tori yokomen-uchi :
one handed grip on one shoulder with yokomen-uchi strike to the head
Keiko :
training or practice
Ken :
referring to the Japanese sword
Kesa-uchi :
diagonal strike to the side of the neck with the intent of cutting the body
Ki :
spirit, life force, or vital energy
Kiai :
a forceful exhalation of the breath with a sharp vocalization, shout or scream
Kihon :
basic (basic point, emphasis point)
Kihon-waza :
training in basic techniques; can also refer to "static" practice of techniques. (also see: Kotai)
Kime :
mental focus
Kime :
lock/immobilization (eg. Hiji-kime: elbow immobilization)
Ki-musubi :
to connect/bind the ki
Ki-musubi-no-tachi :
series of paired sword encounter movements that build awareness of connection/ki of the partner
Ki no nagare :
to flow with ki (flowing/continuous practice)
Kiri :
to cut
Kiri-kaeshi :
turning cutting movement with the sword
Koan :
Zen training riddle
Kobudo :
refers to older/traditional budo, or budo of the pre-modern era
Kohai :
one’s junior
Koho :
backward, to the rear
Koho tankan :
backward turning step
Koho ukemi :
backward ukemi
Koho undo :
backward rolling exercises
Kokoro :
Kokyu :
Kokyu-dosa :
seated breath power exercise
Kokyu-nage :
breath throw
Kokyuho :
breath exercise ("method of the breath")
Kokyu ryoku :
breath power
"Konban wa" :
"Good evening"
"Konnichi wa" :
"Good day"
Kosa :
to cross over or pass
Kosa-tori :
cross hand grasp to the wrist, the same as Ai-hanmi katate-tori
Koshi :
referring to the hip(s) or lower back
Koshi-nage :
hip throw
Kotai (also: Gotai) :
static training. Compare: jutai, ryutai and ki-no-nagare
Kote :
Kote-gaeshi :
wrist/palm turning throw
Kote-hineri :
twisting of the wrist (eg. Sankyo)
Kote-mawashi :
turning of the wrist (eg. Nikyo)
Ku :
the number "nine"
Kubi :
Kubishime :
neck choke
Kumi :
Kumi-jo :
jo-staff techniques/encounters, practiced jo against jo
Kumi-tachi :
sword exercises/encounters, practiced sword against sword
Kuzushi :
to break the balance
Kyu :
rank, grade, level (also: term for a white belt rank/grade)
Terms starting with the letter 'L' are not found in Japanese
Ma-ai :
"distance" or "spacing" between two or more persons
(In a martial context this is used in reference to physical distance between two parties. May also be used in reference to "psychological" or "psychic" distance)
Mae-geri :
front kick
Mae-ukemi :
forward roll or fall
"Masakatsu Agatsu" :
"True Victory is Self-Victory" - a principal tenet of AIKIDO
"Matte!" :
Mawashi :
to turn around or rotate
Men :
Referring to the face or head
Metsuke :
a way of using/focusing the eyes (referring to: eye focus)
Michi :
a "Way", "road" or "path"
Migi :
right. Refers to right side - eg. Migi-hanmi = right foot forward stance (Compare: hidari)
Misogi :
self purification
(also Mitori-geiko)
training with the eyes (observing training)
Mochi :
grasp (eg. katate-mochi)
Mokuso :
Silent meditation or concentration
Morote-tori :
two handed grip, both on one wrist
Mu :
Mudansha :
practitioner below dan grade (lit: "no rank person")
(compare: Yudansha)
Mune :
chest or lapel
Mune-mochi :
one handed grip on lapel
(also: Mune-dori)
one handed grip on lapel
Mushin :
empty mind
Muso Shinden Ryu :
name of a style/school of Iaido
Musubi :
to tie together
(eg. "ki musubi", meaning: "to bind/tie-up Ki")
Nage :
the person who performs the technique (also: shite or tori)
Nagare :
from the Japanese verb "Nagaru" - to flow
Nagewaza :
throwing techniques
Nana (also: Shichi) :
the number "seven"
Nen :
purity/unity of mind
Ni :
the number "two"
Nikkyo :
"second technique" arm control technique applied with a wrist/hand turn
Ni-nin-gake :
two person attacks/training (see also: Futari-tori)
Obi :
Oitsuki :
a strike with same arm and foot forward
also called jyuntsuki
Omote :
to the front (movement or direction)
Onegaishimasu :
lit. "I make a request"
(as in: "Please", when asking for something)
Osae :
control (eg. ude-osae = arm control)
Osae-waza :
controlling techniques
O-Sensei :
"great teacher" or "revered teacher" (in Aikido this title is most often used in reference to Master Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido)
Otoshi :
drop (as in a technique, eg. Sumi-otoshi= corner drop)
Oyo-waza :
applied techniques, modified for efficiency
Terms starting with the letter ‘P’ are rarely used in Japanese
Terms starting with the letter ‘Q’ are not used in Japanese
Randori :
free-style practice or sparring, often freestyle with multiple-attacker. Lit. "messy striking"
Rei :
term meaning "veneration" or "respect". Also refers to the etiquette and the formal bow or salutation,  in the context of showing respect
Reigi (also: Reigi-saho)
Etiquette/manner of respectful conduct - in the context of showing veneration or respect
Renshu :
"training": to prepare or train the body through repetition
Renzoku :
Renzoku uchikomi :
jo-staff exercise
Ritsurei :
standing bow
Rokkyo :
"Sixth teaching": a technique which applies a bar or pin to the elbow (See: hiji-kime/hiji-jime osae)
Rokku :
the number "six"
Ryo :
Ryote-mochi :
two handed grip, one on each wrist
Ryokata-tori :
two handed grip, one to each shoulder
Ryote-tori :
two handed grip, one on each wrist
Ryu :
school or tradition
Ryu :
"to flow"
Ryu-tai :
flowing/fluid training.
(compare: jutai, ryutai and ki-no-nagare)
Sabaki :
(body) movement (eg. Tai-sabaki or Ashi-sabaki)
San :
the number "three"
Sankaku :
Sankakutai :
lit: "triangle body" refers to the positioning of the feet in hanmi to make a triangular shape
Sankyo :
movement similar to ikkyo with added outward twisting of the hand/palm
San-nin-dori :
three person attacks/training
San-nin-gake :
three person attacks/training
Saya :
sword scabbard
Saya-biki :
refers to the sliding movement of the scabbard around the hip, while drawing a Japanese sword
Satori :
enlightenment (in reference to meditation/Zen training)
Seigan :
middle "ready" position with tachi or bokken
Seiretsu! :
"line up!"
Seiza :
formal sitting position on the knees (correct/preferred way to sit on the mat in the dojo)
Sempai :
a senior student
Senaka undo :
back stretch
Senaka :
the back (of the body)
Sen-no-sen :
refers to the timing of response to an attack: in this case countering/responding as an attack is initiated
Sen-sen-no-sen :
refers to the timing of response to an attack: in this case countering/responding before an attack is initiated or formulated
Sensei :
teacher, lit. "one who was born before"
Shi (also: Yon) :
the number "four"
Shi :
"death" or "dead"
Shiai :
competition or tournament
Shichi (also: Nana) :
the number "seven"
Shidoin :
a formal title with an approximate meaning of "instructor"
Shihan :
a formal title meaning, approximately, "master instructor" or "teacher of teachers" (usually only given to professional instructors of 6th dan rank or above)
Shiho :
four directions
Shiho-giri :
four direction cutting
Shiho-nage :
four direction throw
Shi-kaku :
a square; fourth corner (also: ‘dead corner’)
Shiki :
Shikko :
knee walking
Shime :
squeeze or strangle (as in a joint lock, or application of a choke)
Shimoseki :
refers to a location or position in the dojo.  Lower place or lower seat (on the left side when facing the kamiza)
Shimoza :
refers to position in the dojo.  Lower seat (the side of the dojo opposite the kamiza)
Shin :
Shinken :
sharp authentic Japanese sword; a "live-blade"
Shinogi :
a ridge on the rear lateral side of a sword/bokken
Shisei :
Shite :
thrower, throwing side; protagonist
Shizentai :
natural body posture
Sho :
first; beginning
Shodan :
lit: "first step". Refers to the first "dan" or black belt grade
Shomen :
directly in front; Lit: "straight face" (referring to the front of the dojo, or to an attack to the head/face)
Shomen-ate :
an attack to the head/face
"Shomen ni rei!" :
"rei/bow to the shomen of the dojo!"
Shomen-uchi :
vertical strike to the center of the head with the hand blade
Shoshinsha :
Shuto (also: Tegatana) :
hand blade
Sode :
sleeve (at the elbow)
Sode-tori :
one handed grip to the sleeve (near the elbow)
Soku iriminage :
a side entering throw with the arm across the partners chest (also: Kokyuho)
Soto :
outside; eg: as in "soto-tenkan" (outside body turning movement)
Soto-kaiten :
outside turning/rotation
Soto-tenkan :
Turning/rotating to the outside
Suburi :
a basic movement of repetitive body/mind purification training (often with a weapon)
Suki :
referring to a physical or mental "opening"; undefended point
Sumi-otoshi :
corner drop
Sutemi :
Lit: "to throw away/sacrifice the body"
Sutemi-waza :
"sacrifice" techniques that involve intentionally losing one's own balance
Suri :
To rub, graze, scrape, abrade to slide
Suri-ashi :
to slide the legs/feet (a method of walking by sliding the feet)
Suwari waza :
techniques performed from a kneeling position
Tachi tori :
sword taking (disarming) techniques
Tachi waza :
techniques performed from a standing position
Taijutsu :
body arts; empty-handed (unarmed) techniques
Tai-no henko :
lit: "change of the body"; body changing/turning exercise
Tai-sabaki :
body movement
Taiso :
Body exercises
Tanden :
center (also see: hara)
Tanren :
Tanto :
knife (usually smaller than 25-30cm)
Tanto-tori :
knife taking (disarming) techniques
Tatami :
traditional Japanese mat made of bound-straw
Te :
referring to hand/hands (eg. Tegatana = "hand blade")
Tegatana :
hand-sword/hand-blade (see also: Shuto)
Te-ho-doki :
method of moving the hand to detach a katate-tori grip
Tekubi :
Tenchi-nage :
"heaven and earth" throw
Tenkan :
turn around, conversion, change body pivoting/turning movement
Tori :
take, hold, take away; thrower, throwing side;
person who executes a technique (see also: shite and nage)
Torii :
a Japanese gate
Tsuba :
sword guard
Tsuka :
the handle of a Japanese sword
Tsuka-ate :
a strike with the "butt" or handle of a bokken or Japanese sword
Tsugi-ashi :
following step; a sliding step where the front foot slides and the back foot follows without passing the front foot
Tsuki (also: Zuki) :
a straight thrust or punch
Torifune :
"Rowing exercise" (also called: Funakogi Undo)
lit: "far mountain attention" or "far mountain eyes; refers to the way/method of focusing the eyes during training
Uchi :
referring to "inside", as in uchi-tenkan (inside body turning movement)
Uchi :
a strike (eg. shomen-uchi)
Uchi-deshi :
live-in student or inside student
Ude :
Udekime-nage :
arm-lock throw
Ue :
high (referring to location)
Uke :
one who receives; the person being thrown
Uke :
block or parry (eg. Jodan uke= block or parry overhead)
Ukemi :
receiving a technique; falling
Undo :
Ura :
rear; back (direction)
Ushiro :
toward/from the back/rear
Ushiro-geri :
back kick
Ushiro ryokata-tori :
two handed attack: one hand grasps each shoulder from behind the nage (left hand grasps left shoulder, right hand grasps right shoulder)
Ushiro ryotekubi-tori :
two handed attack: one hand grasps each wrist from behind the nage (left hand to left wrist, right hand to right wrist)
Ushiro-tenkan :
backward turning step
Ushiro-ukemi :
backward/rearward fall
Ushiro-waza :
techniques involving attacks from behind the nage
Terms starting with the letter ‘V’ are not found in Japanese
Waza :
Technique (singular or plural); skill; training method
Waka sensei :
"young teacher"; used in aikido in reference to the successor of the Doshu
Waki :
side (of the body)
Waki-kamae :
side guard position, where the sword is held to the rear of the body in a low position
Waki-o-shimeru :
a posture where the arm pits are kept closed (or in tension)
Wakizashi :
Japanese short sword
Terms starting with the letter ‘X’ are not found in Japanese
"Yame!" :
"stop!" or "finish!"
Yawara :
refers to a historical style of jujutsu
Yoko :
side, sideways, horizontal
Yoko-geri :
side kick
Yoko-giri :
diagonal cut (typically with a sword)
Yoko-ukemi :
Falling to the side in ukemi
Yokomen :
side of the head
Yokomen-uchi :
diagonal strike to the side of the opponent's head with the handblade
Yoko-ukemi :
sideways fall
Yonkyo :
"fourth teaching" ikkyo with application of pressure to a point on the wrist
Yudansha :
refers to person(s) who hold blackbelt rank
Za :
seated position
Zaidan Hojin Aikikai :
Aikikai Foundation
Zarei :
refers to a bow from the seated or seiza position
Zanshin :
lit: "remaining mind"; extension of continuous attention and awareness
Zazen :
sitting meditation (see also: mokuso)
Zempo :
to the rear, backward (eg. "zempo-kaiten")
Zen :
refers to a form of Buddhism
Zo-kin :
cloths used for washing the dojo floor
Zori :
Japanese-style open sandals. Traditionally made from rice straw or lacquered wood
Zuki :
see: "tsuki"